In his old age, expelled from Oxford and forsaken by his former protector, John of Gaunt, Wycliffe was summoned before the highest ecclesiastical tribunal in the kingdom. Here, at the Blackfriars Synod in 1382, Wycliffe would again be called on to recant. However, when the 47 bishops, monks and doctors of religion took their seats in judgment of Wycliffe, a powerful earthquake suddenly shook the city. Wycliffe immediately declared it “a judgment of God” and thereafter referred to the Synod as the “Earthquake Council.”